Mongolia Overview

Facts about capital Ulaanbaatar city

Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia

Facts about capital Ulaanbaatar city

  1. City migrated to several locations along the banks of Tuul river and finally settled on the current spot.
  2. Probably due to the nomadic culture of the Mongols, we moved our capital city 29 times between 1639-1778.
  3. Throughout the years, the Ulaanbaatar city was named Nomiin Khuree, Da Khuree and Niislel Khuree.
  4. In 1639, Zanabazar, son of Tusheet Khan Gombodorj, was chosen as the spiritual leader of Khalkha and given the title of Saint. He built his palace, Shireet Tsagaan Nuur on the banks of Tuul river, which later became Ulaanbaatar city.
  5. Ulaanbaatar is the coldest capital in the world. This is because it is located at an average of 1351 m above sea level and the average annual temperature is 1.3 C
  6. Today, more than half of the Mongolian population resides in Ulaanbaatar city. In statistics for 2017, 46 percent of Mongolia’s population lives here.
  7. The democratic society and market economy began in 1990. Also population growth have doubled in the last over 10 years due to urban development. As now Ulaanbaatar is the political, economic, and social center of Mongolia. Indeed, many locals have flocked to Ulaanbaatar in recent years.
  8. Ulaanbaatar consists of a total of 9 districts, each of which is divided into khoroos.
  9. It covers a total area of 470,400 hectares and consists of a ger district and the city center.
  10. Ulaanbaatar has a right-hand traffic rule. But cars with right and left steering wheels are allowed. This is due to the fact that car changers have imported and sold a large number of cars from Japan since 1990.
  11. One in three people in Ulaanbaatar owns a car.
  12. About 450,000 vehicles are involved in city traffic every day, which is a major cause of congestion. To reduce congestion, the city department is working to build and expand roads, bridges, and tunnels, and to prioritize vehicles.

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