Mongolia is a relatively high elevation country. Particularly, the Mongolian Plateau is 900 to 1500 meters (or 3000 to 5000 feet) above sea level. Due to harsh weather conditions and geographic location, animal husbandry is ideal but crop cultivation is underdeveloped.
Furthermore, breeding of livestock animals including sheep, goat, horse, cow, yak and camel is one of Mongolia’s main economic pillars and representation of the nomadic culture.
10 interesting facts about Mongolia
- Mongolia is the world’s least populated independent country. Mongolia has a geographic area of 1,564,116 km2 (603,909 sq. mi). Also there are approximately 3 million populations.
- Mongolia’s capital Ulaanbaatar city is officially the world’s coldest capital. The temperature is ranging between -15°C and -40°C. The average annual temperature is -1.3°C. Moreover, January and February are the coldest months.
- Mongolia comes up in 17 of 81 independent countries by average IQ level.
- One of only three countries with Garuda as official symbol for the capital city. It is a legendary bird or bird-like creature in Hindu, Buddhist and Jain mythology.
- Gobi Desert is the 5th largest in the world and the largest desert in Asia.
- Mongolia is one of the highest elevation countries in the world because of its an average elevation of 1580 meters or 5180 feet above sea level.
- One third of the world’s snow leopard population is in Mongolia.
- You can fit total of 35 Netherlands inside Mongolia.
- Bogd Khan mountain was declared a protected site in the late of 12th century. So that, this makes it the very first legally protected natural area of the world.
- Finally, 70% of population in Mongolia live in traditional Ger/Yurt.