Travel Blog

First endangered place of the World – Bogd Khan Mountain

Mountain in Mongolia

Bogd Khan Mountain is located southern side of Ulaanbaatar which continues about 40 km. It is located on the southwestern tip of the Khentii Mountain Range on the border of the Mongolian forest-steppe and dry steppe zone. There is a lot of evidence that this place has been protected for a long time. If you look at the petroglyphs in the , there are traces of human settlements from the Bronze Age. Bogd Khan mountain has long been an idol of shamanism and a place of worship. Since the 13th century, when Tooril Han of Khereid lived in the Black Forest of the Tuul river where is nearby Bogd Khan Mountain, he used to forbid hunting and burning firewood in the mountain. In the slopes of the Bogd Khan Mountain valley, there are historical monuments such as inscriptions, posters, cliffs, burial mounds, and tombs. Chapter 398 of the Great Yuan Dynasty Law of 1294 protected natural sites such as Bogd Khan Mountain, Otgontenger Mountain, Khentii Mountain Range, and Altai Mountain Pass. Based on these, Bogd Khan Mountain is called the first endangered place not only in Mongolia but also in the world.

The highest peak is Tsetsee Gun at 2,268 meters above sea level, and the second is Tushee Gun at 2,256 meters above sea level. The main community in the taiga region, the Spruce forest of the Bogd Khan Mountain is one of only three in Mongolia. But it has declined significantly in recent years. The area is the southernmost boundary for the distribution of many species of mammals in the Great Siberian Taiga and the Khentii Mountain Taiga. Small streams flow from 20 mouths around Bogd Khan Uul, some into the Tuul River and some into the depression at the foot of the mountain, where sediments are absorbed into the soil, creating a favorable urban climate. Small streams flow from 20 valleys around Bogd Khan Uul, some into the Tuul River and some into the depression at the foot of the mountain, where sediments are absorbed into the soil, creating a favorable urban climate.

The place is one of the closest and most beautiful places to visit from Ulaanbaatar. It is ideal for hiking to the top of Bogd Khan Mountain and can be reached by tourists in two ways. The easiest or main road is the southern part of the mountain, about 3 hours walk from Manjushri Monastery.