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The Gobi Desert Animals

Animals of the Gobi Desert

The Gobi Desert Animals - Wonderful 6

Gobi Desert of Mongolia has a total of 49 mammals, 15 reptiles, 1 amphibian, and 160 bird species and its plant kingdom comprise over 400 species including many valuable medicinal, fodder and decorative plants. Gobi Desert Animals
In this blog we are mentioning the “Wonderful Gobi 6” includes the main representatives of Mongolia’s Gobi ecosystem, such as the wild ass, the Gobi bear, the Przewalski’s horse, the black-tailed deer and the saiga.

Wild Bactrian Camel

1. Wild Bactrian Camel
Wild Bactrian camel (Camelus ferus) is a wild camel that lives in the Taklamakan desert of the Mongolian Gobi and Xinjiang. Some researchers believe that this animal is the ancestor of the two-humped camel. Until recently, domestic camels were thought to became wild, but recent mitochondrial DNA tests showed a difference of 1.9%, indicating that they separated 0.7-1.5 million years ago, long before camels were domesticated. Formerly a subspecies of the two-humped camel (Camelus bactrianus ferus), it is now considered a separate species.

Mongolia wild horse

2. Takhi (Prezewalski Horse) 
Takhi (Przewalski’s horse) is a last species of wild horse that lives in the steppes of Mongolia. Extinct since 1966 because of the humans. Later, in the 1990s, it was brought back from zoos in the Netherlands and Germany and re-introduced to the Hustai Mountains, Takhiin Tal and Khomyn Tal.  Unlike the once-domesticated American Mustang and the Australian Bramby, the Przewalski’s Horse is a true wild horse that has never been domesticated. Gobi Desert Animals

Mongolian Saiga

3. Saiga Antelope
The earliest remains of the Saiga are found in the Middle Pleistocene in Kazakhstan. It has been found that the vast expanses of Eurasia have been around for 100,000 (one hundred thousand) years. Animals such as Mammoth, Giant Rhinoceros, Irish elk, and short-horned bison, which are found together with antelopes, extinct at the end of the late Pleistocene.
As of 2010, the global population is thought to be around 50,000 individuals, mostly in Kazakhastan. But only 5000 of them is Mongolian Saiga Antelope. The Mongolian Saiga is an important component of the Gobi Desert System and has a significant impact on the survival of flora and fauna.

Mazaalai - Gobi bear

4. Gobi Bear (Mazaalai)
In 1980, Russian scientists studied the Mongolian Gobi bear and identified it as a Tibetan bear. However, this hypothesis turned out to be false and it was determined that the Mongolian Gobi bear is a new subspecies of bear, the only bear anywhere in the world other than Mongolia. Today, there are less than 50 Gobi bears in the world. Gobi Desert Animals

Black Tailed Gazelle

5. Black Tailed Gazelle
According to the Law on Fauna, the Government of Mongolia has issued a decree to register the rare animals and mammals in the Red List. Black-tailed gazelles do not live long in one place and travel tens of kilometers along the pastures. It is known as a pasture manager.
It has very good hearings, it can run about 55-62 km per hour at. The main enemy is the wolf. Milk has a fat content of 3.9 percent. The calf is able to follow its mother after two weeks and eat grass after 10-8 days.
High-quality meat and skins are poached. In addition, water consumption is low, but due to the number of livestock, open water competition in the oasis has become rare due to pasture shortages. # Gobi Desert Animals

Khulan - Mongolian Wild Ass

6. Mongolian Wild Ass
There are three species of wild ass in the world, and the subspecies is widespread in Mongolia (Equus hemionus hemionus).  The wild ass is slightly larger than a donkey, weighs about 290 kg, is 2.1 meters long and more similar to a horse. They have shorter legs than horses and change color with the seasons. It is reddish brown in summer and yellowish brown in winter. It has black veins up to the middle of the spine. It is rated as “vulnerable” internationally and “endangered” in the region by the IUCN Red List classification criteria. Gobi Desert Animals

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