Who is Khorloogiin Choibalsan?
Referred to as “the Stalin of Mongolia, Khorloogiin Choibalsan was born in 1895, in Dornod province, Mongolia. He was the leader of Mongolian People’s Republic and Marshal (general chief commander) of the Mongolian People’s Army from the 1930s until his death in 1952.
Khorloogiin Choibalsan was the member of revolutionary Consular Hill or Konsulyn Denj group which was established to resist the Chinese occupation of Outer Mongolia after 1919 and later become member of Mongolian People’s Party in 1920. At the Eight Party Congress in 1930 Choibalsan intensified land confiscation and forced collectivization measures. In 1936 Choibalsan and Demid Gelegdorj were appointed Marshals of the Armed Forces while Choibalsan also became head of the newly elevated Head of Internal Affairs,
The Ministry of Internal Affairs guided by Khorloogiin Choibalsan started Political purge resulted in the deaths of an estimated 30,000 to 35,000 Mongolians. With popular Prime Minister Amar’s removal in 1939, Khorloogiin Choibalsan became Mongolia’s uncontested leader, simultaneously holding the office Prime Minister, Minister of War, and Commander in Chief of the Mongolian armed forces.
Victory of Khalkhiin Gol battle brought him a portray as a staunch defender of Mongolian independence against imperialist Japanese aggression.
Choibalsan’s image in modern Mongolia remains mixed today.