Mongolia Overview

Mongolian Cashmere


Mongolia is home to nomads who have preserved the surrounding nature and environment. Winter in Mongolia is extremely cold and dry. Therefore, Mongolian goat gives the rarest and highest quality cashmere as it adapts incredibly well to the harsh continental climate. Covered with long and stiff protective hair, goat cashmere is airtight and therefore keeps warm in icy weather. Cashmere fiber

Mongolian cashmere is one of the few products with competitiveness on the international market. Mongolian goat product on average 250-280 grams of down at 14-16 um diameter and 4-5 cm length. Also the Mongolian goat’s down is curly and long, which allows a good yarn quality. Mongolia produces 30 percent of the world’s supply of cashmere, which is about 14,000 tons per year.

Specialists define natural cashmere fibre as luxurious. The latest fashion trends determine even more the cashmere clothing in undyed or natural colours, which is a grey, popular fashion among fashion hunters. Mongolian cashmere consists of four natural main colours, namely white, beige, grey and brown. Each colour has its specific characteristics and qualities.

Cashmere fibres in light colours are used in more than 60 per cent of cashmere fabrics because of their good dyeing quality. Due to the specific climatic conditions, Mongolian cashmere is considered to be particularly fine, light, warm and soft, which gives the country a unique and relatively scarce raw material base.

Moreover, Mongolian goats are almost 30 million and account for 30% of the world’s cashmere supply. But the quality of cashmere is so exclusive because buyers value far above others. Unbleached and undyed cashmere fibres have four natural colours, which are the colours of Mongolian goats. In other words, white, beige, warm grey and brown are the naturally occurring shades of Mongolian goats. Each colour comes from different parts of the vast country and each colour has a unique history behind it.

White cashmere

White accounts for up to 20% of the goat population in the country. Most of them come from the southern region of Umnogobi, Bayankhongor and Gobi Altai, Mongolia. The temperature reaches -40C in winter and +50C in summer. It is incredible that the nomadic herdsmen and goats are so well adapted to this harsh weather without the need for modern equipment. Gobi collects only white cashmere from Shinjinst, Bayankhongor.

Beige cashmere

Beige is the most common of all colours. Almost 60% of Mongolian goats carry this color and it is geographically widespread in every province of Mongolia. The warm and elegant appearance of a beige color is the ideal representation of organic cashmere. Galshar in Khentii province is the place where Gobi works closely with local shepherds and collects beige cashmere.

Warm grey cashmere

The rarest natural cashmere color in the world is warm grey. Warm grey goats only live in Mongolia and make up only 2% of the Mongolian goat population. However, Gobi’s determination to offer its customers the most exclusive natural fiber that led to the discovery of this rarest naturally occurring cashmere. Only Gobi cashmere processes this rare fiber after they have specially collected from the Khovd province.

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