National patterns, unique in every region and a true representation of a tradition and culture. Every curve and shape has a hidden meaning behind it which only locals understand. One of the most ancient Mongolian patterns is Horn pattern and ethnography researchers believe that nomads made this pattern by replicating the long and curved horns of wild animals. Flowers are considered to be the beauty of nature and people have been using flowers to represent their love and respect for thousands of years.
Of course, nomadic culture of Mongolians has greatly influenced the national patterns. Mongolians have been decorating palaces, monasteries, tents and Gers with various patterns. Each pattern represents a certain meaning. There are over 1500 national patterns in Mongolia. These are separated into five main categories of geometrical, animal, plant, natural phenomena and religious.
Also every ethnic group has special shape of pattern representing their culture and tradition. Prime example of Mongolian patterns would be the shapes and symbols moon, sun, fire, weapons and horses, heart of the equestrian culture. Mongolian patterns represent eternal and happy life, ever growth of nature and harmony between human and nature.
Types of Patterns
Horn pattern – Symbolizes growth of livestock and happiness of nomadic people
Ulzii pattern – Represents growth of knowledge, wealth, happiness and good karma
Hammer pattern – Represents endless motion and eternal life
Khorol pattern – Represents sturdiness
Tumen nast or eternal age pattern – Represents unending eternal happiness of the people
King bracelet and queen carriage – Represents loyalty and eternal love of husband and wife. Wedding rings in Mongolia have these patterns
Butterfly pattern – Represents friendliness like the motion of flying butterfly
Fish pattern – Represents good deed, cheerful and resourceful attitude
Patterns of lions, tigers, dragons and garuda– Represents spirit of a man, power, knowledge and good deed
Flower pattern – Represents eternal peace and happiness
Water pattern – Represents happiness and evergrowth of livestock