Mongolian Culture

Mongolian Patterns

Mongolian Patterns

Mongolian traditional patterns, unique in every region and a true representation of a tradition and culture. Every curve and shape has a hidden meaning behind it which only locals understand. One of the most ancient Mongolian patterns is Horn pattern and ethnography researchers believe that nomads made this pattern by replicating the long and curved horns of wild animals. Flowers are considered to be the beauty of nature and people have been using flowers to represent their love and respect for thousands of years.
Of course, nomadic culture of Mongolians has greatly influenced the national patterns. Mongolians have been decorating palaces, monasteries, tents and Gers with various patterns. Each pattern represents a certain meaning. There are over 1500 national patterns in Mongolia. These are separated into five main categories of geometrical, animal, plant, natural phenomena and religious.
Also every ethnic group has special shape of pattern representing their culture and tradition. Prime example of Mongolian patterns would be the shapes and symbols moon, sun, fire, weapons and horses, heart of the equestrian culture. Mongolian patterns represent eternal and happy life, ever growth of nature and harmony between human and nature.

Types of Patterns and Mongolian patterns meaning

  • Ulzii pattern – Represents growth of knowledge, wealth, happiness and good karma
  • Horn pattern – Symbolizes growth of livestock and happiness of nomadic people
  • Hammer pattern – Represents endless motion and eternal life
  • Khorol pattern – Represents sturdiness
  • Tumen nast or eternal age pattern – Represents unending eternal happiness of the people
  • King bracelet and queen carriage – Represents loyalty and eternal love of husband and wife. Wedding rings in Mongolia have these patterns
  • Butterfly pattern – Represents friendliness like the motion of flying butterfly
  • Fish pattern – Represents good deed, cheerful and resourceful attitude
  • Patterns of lions, tigers, dragons and garuda– Represents spirit of a man, power, knowledge and good deed
  • Flower pattern – Represents eternal peace and happiness
  • Water pattern – Represents happiness and evergrowth of livestock


horn ornament
Ulzii ornament
hammer ornament
horol ornament
haan buguiwch hatan suih
Water ornament
Tumen nast pattern
Back to list