Contortion is one of the precious and rare cultural legacies of Mongolian nomads. Apparently, contortion is a traditional art form created to show the beauty of the human body. It is based on the flexibility of Mongolian girls and women who go through various impressive bending, folding and bending positions, all with elements of traditional Mongolian dance. The contraction training techniques focus mainly on the flexibility of the spine from neck to pelvis by bending the spine back and forth while standing, sitting and lying down. An important feature of the Mongolian distortion seems to be the special talent and flexibility that no fan can execute and master and display various complicated positions. These positions include human nodes, headphones, departments, transfers, etc. These techniques are displayed in different positions.
The deformation is divided into two classes of back flexion and front flexion, which are also divided into certain classes. This includes solo performances that represent the preliminary form of Mongolian distortion, but also performances by two, three, four or more artists. Recently, the distortion has been choreographed as a masterpiece using aerial photography and special equipment from international circus performances. In many countries, circus performances contain distortions, which shows that distortions are a cultural heritage and a kind of art.
The main feature of the Mongolian contortion is the description and imitation of the pattern and embellishments of Mongolian visual art through natural flexibility and physical elasticity. The patterns of the Mongolian nations are not only an element of decorative art, but also an expression of the aspirations and wishes of people and the symbol of the Mongolian lifestyle. The characteristic of Mongolian distortion is to perform flexible movements that show the serenity of Mongolian women and a calm movement that is accompanied by the Morin Khuur (violin with a horse’s head). Mongolian distortion artistically creates and shows the beauty of Mongolian women, their motherly nature and their brilliant aspirations. Historical manuscripts reveal facts that the distortion was performed and maintained in royal palaces while the courtyard was in and after the 12th-13th centuries. Century dances. Girls and women contortionists have a naturally flexible body and can learn and execute techniques and skills perfectly according to the instructions of the trainers.
Historically, Mongolian rulers were themselves adulterated interpreters and contortionists, so that they could pass on this legacy through physical performance and verbal instructions when teaching techniques.
Although Mongolia’s distortion heritage has been kept up to date, the distortion is limited to just a few talented masters who can only perform this extraordinary flexibility to perfection. Therefore, public reporting on the teaching and practice of this heritage is limited. Today, the bearers of tradition in Mongolia are getting older and fewer. Because of these factors, Mongolian distortion appears to be an element of the threatened heritage, which is why urgent measures must be taken to protect and share this rare and precious legacy.