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What is a Tourist Ger Camp?

Mongolia tourist ger campA Ger is Mongolian traditional round shaped dwelling that has been used since the Mongols started nomadic life with animal husbandry. Ger is portable, easily assembled and disassembled, and the most natural dwelling on earth. A ger consists of felt covers, wooden columns, and a round window at the top, thin wooden poles and floor, wall (wooden lattice attached together with animal hide, ropes) and ropes. Most of ger materials are made of animals like felt- sheep wool, ropes- camel or sheep wool, horse or yak’s tail, and of course wood.



Gandan Monastery
One of the most important and biggest monastery of Ulaanbaatar is the Gandan Monastery. It was founded in the year 1835 by order of the 5th Jebsundamba, who was the head of Mongolian Buddhism.  In the 1930s Gandan Monastery was the only temple that operating its function during communist regime. Unfortunately, in 1938, Gandan monastery was closed down only to be reopened in 1944 after some monk’s petition. When democratic revolution took place in 1990s, Gandan Monastery was given the right to operate freely for public worship. Today, the monastery is main worshipping place for locals and every Mongolians visit to pray for Migjid Janraisig (Avalokitesvara) at least 1 time a year. Around 150 monks belong to this monastery.



Buddhism was introduced to Mongolia three times. First one was in the period of 6th century from India. Second introduction took place in the beginning of the 13th century. Third one was during 16th century. For Mongolians, Tibetan Buddhism became as way of unifying people and creating a sense of nationalism in 16th century.
One of the biggest reason of Buddhism spread in Mongolia is that in 1578, Abtai Khan — one of Mongolian most influential military leader invited the high-ranking monk from Tibet. Altan Khan (also known as Abtai Khan) gave the title of Dalai Lama for the first time to that spiritual leader of Tibet. Dalai can be translated as “ocean.” Dalai Lama means "Ocean of Wisdom". Moreover, Avtai Sain Khan ordered to build the Erdene Zuu monastery in Karakorum in 1584.



The Mongolian Gobi Desert is the largest dinosaur fossil reservoir in the world. The region is especially important as regards dinosaur fossils from the later Cretaceous period, which is the last of main three periods of the dinosaur age, representing the final phase of dinosaur evolution.
Paleontologists still continue to discover fossils that prove the current territory of Gobi Desert had a very different climate and environment before 120 to 70 million years ago during the Cretaceous period. 



Asia’s largest desert Mongolian Gobi was once paradise for plants and animals, including dinosaurs.  Many paleontologists say that it was also a site of mass extinction, where avalanche-like sudden sand-slides both swept dinosaurs away and preserved their remains. Gobi Desert is the place that the first proved dinosaurs laid eggs. First in 1922, famous Roy Chapman Andrews, director of the American Museum of Natural History led the paleontological expedition into the Mongolian Gobi.   


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"We enjoyed our trip very much.
The best parts of the trip were meeting nomads in the countryside and seeing the natural beauty."

05/04/2011 - 10:30
Barbara. R Family, US
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