Travel Blog

Plants of the Gobi Desert

Plants of the Gobi Desert

Plants of the Gobi Desert

Mongolian Gobi Desert is the habitat of the rarest and toughest plants on earth and a unique natural landscape. We are introducing you 5 beautiful plants of the Gobi Desert below:

Goyo in Gobi

Red Goyo
There are two types of this plant: red and white which plays an important role in maintaining the balance of the Gobi ecosystem. Due to the high quality of the treatment and its scarcity, it is prohibited to collect and registered in the “Red Book”. It can cure high blood pressure, diabetes, rheumatism, headaches, dizziness, joint pain, hepatitis, nephritis, and cystitis. It has also been used in folk medicine to treat constipation, stomach cramps, knee, kidney, and back pain, and to improve sexual function.

Gobi Berry (Harmag)

Kharmag (Gobi berry)
Rich in vitamin C and organic acids, it is the only fruit that quenches the thirst of the locals of the Gobi Desert. Fruit bushes require a lot of skill to pick because of the thorns. The berries bloom in July and ripen in September. Our Gobi people pick Kharmag (blackberries) and use them to make jams, drinks and sweet wines.

Allium Mongolicum

Khomuul (Allium Mongolicum)
The roots of the Khomuul are strong, very drought tolerant, well protect the soil from wind erosion, and very nutritious. Widespread throughout the Gobi. It is more blue and tastes better than leek. Shrubs can grow up to 20 cm in height. will definitely be juicier. Gobi people use it as a spice in their food and pickle it.

Saltwort in Gobi

Saltwort
This plant is weed-like, and with its high tolerance to salt, is ideal for growing in the region of the Gobi, where many other plants cannot grow. The saltwort blooms from June to August, and adapted to the desert through its long roots, which helps it stable from wind and moist from earth’s surface. This plant is very invasive, and when branches become detached, it can form tumbleweed.

Saxaul tree in Gobi

Saxaul tree
Saxaul is the main tree in the Gobi Desert that grows only in the Central Asian Gobi. The roots grow to a depth of 5 meters and branch to 5-10 meters in each direction, saxaul trees stand very firmly on the ground, resist any strong winds, reduce their energy and stabilize the movement of sand.