First established in 1931 under the name “Agriculture province” and it was later changed to “Selenge” province in 1934 upon request of the population. Selenge province has mainly developed its agriculture. Majority of Mongolian agricultural lands are concentrated in Orkhon-Selenge basin. These lands produce 45% of Mongolia’s grain and has over 570 thousand livestock. There is lumber processing plant, flour and food factories. Sukhbaatar city, capital of Selenge province, is located on the junction of railways, auto roads and an important port city to Russia. 42% of the province is covered by forests.
Seven wonders of the province are; Amarbayasgalant monastery, Soronzon or “Magnetic” rock, Altanbulag soum region – the birthplace of the Mongolian Revolution, Hot springs of Selenge province, Tujiin Nars National Protected pine forest, petroglyphs of Duut Khad and Shaikhanii Khutul. Just around 10 kilometers from the province center of Selenge lies the Saikhanii Khutul, one of the most attractive natural wonders in the world. One of the Saikhan Khutul’s natural wonders is the delta of Orkhon and Selenge rivers. Orkhon and Selenge rivers confluence here and pours into Baikal lake. There is a cave which outlaws, who were basically Mongolian Robin Hoods, used to gather to hide from the authorities.