Tourism in Mongolia
International tourism in Mongolia is in modern terms still in its infancy. For all its socialist period, from 1924 until 1992, Mongolia was closed to the outside world.
Mongolian first travel company, was established in Mongolia in 1954. Tourism in Mongolia was extremely limited by the Socialist Government until 1990 with only one travel company belongs to the state and limited tourists from Socialist countries under the control of the government offices. But has been expanding following the 1990 Democratic Revolution in Mongolia in the wake of the collapse of the USSR and the Revolutions of 1989.
Since 1990, law, social and economy environment is come to develop travel field. In result of all details to develop tourist from Mongolian Government.
Mongolia has received 529000 tourists in 2018. It is constant specification by 12.7% that compared by local period of last year. And in 2017, it has received 469000 tourists.
Tourism Development and Resources
Tourism is increasingly important to the national economy, providing not only hard currency earnings but also desperately needed employment. Stated government policy is the future development of tourism, especially the increase in foreign visitors and the contribution tourism makes to the national economy.
The majority of Mongolia’s leisure visitors originate from seven key international markets: France, USA, UK, Japan, Germany, Italy, and Korea. Mongolia’s key drawing factors are “Natural Scenery” and “Mongolian Traditional Culture”.
“Travel Guidebooks” and the “Internet” are the most important sources of information. Visitors stay on average 14.8 nights and the most popular destinations within Mongolia are “The Gobi” and “Terelj”.
Mongolia is a unique and relatively unexplored travel destination that offers a great combination of scenic natural features, a wide variety of untouched landscapes, nomadic life style and culture. Travel organizations in Mongolia date back to half a century ago, but the private sector-based tourism is barely twenty years old. Now Mongolia boasts 403 travel companies, 320 hotels, 647 resorts and tourist camps, all employing the graduates from over 56 educational establishments.
The historic heritage of Mongolia is mainly related to Chinggis Khaan. The traditional nomadic way of life, based on livestock raising and living in traditional gers, is of great interest to overseas tourists. As ecotourism has rapidly developed around the world, the demand for it in Mongolia has been steadily increasing due to our geographical location and ecotourism resources.
Despite the traditional cultural, historical and religious tours for which the Central region is famous for, it has a number of the most visited spots as sanatoriums and hot springs.
In the western region, the eco- tours: bird and snow peak watching, animal and plant research, trophy hunting and photo safaris, cultural and historical tours are the main tourist products. Also, this mountainous region is a great attraction for foreign tourists who are interested in climbing, mountaineering, hiking, trekking, and jeep and bike riding.
Historical tourism is widespread in the Eastern region, including a monument for the Mongolian Great Khaan- Chinggis Khaan erected in his enthroned place-Khuduu Aral.
The northern region has mainly developed mountain climbing, water sports and fly fishing. Rafting and kayaking are unique ways to explore the 45.000 kilometers long rivers of Mongolia and the Lake of Khuvsugul.
The Gobi desert is offering a wide variety tourist attractions including trips for search of dinosaur fossil, visit to famous monasteries and picturesque journey among the wildest animals like ibex, snow leopard, lynx, wild ass, gazelles, saiga, govi bear, fox, wolf and steppe fox.
Tourism season of Mongolia
Especially, the landlocked temperate countries like Mongolia, tourism industry is highly dependent on climate resources. Mongolian highly continental dominated climate with warm summers and long, dry and very cold winters makes comparatively short seasonal tourism flow in Mongolia.
Many travel agencies and travel sites recommend the following situations visit in Mongolia, due to climate and weather condition. The average daily temperature of the spring is – 3 to + 12 C during daytime and -10 to +2 C at night. Sign of winter can be seen until mid of March in some years.
Most pleasant time to visit in Mongolia might be between1, May – 31, August. From 15 May to 20 June, the weather will be pleasant for those who don’t like hot weather. The average daily temperature during this period is +14 to +25 C, but may drop +3 to +9 C at night. However, the May is possible to surprise with occasional snowfalls and may feel the spring chill until 20 May. End of June and the
beginning of August is considered the warmest. You will feel hotter and drier in the Gobi. Average day temperature is +25 to +38 C and night temperature is +7 to +18C.
Between 15 July and 10 August is considered the rainy season, but not as rainy as some rainy countries. It could be a temporary shower or drizzle rain. In the summer, between 11 and 13 July, Mongolian the most important holiday Naadam is celebrated through the country.