Strictly Protected Areas in Mongolia
National Parks must hold historical and scenic significance for the country. There are total 22 national parks in Mongolia. In the following, we list national parks where tourists travel most.
Great Gobi Strictly Protected Area
The Great Gobi Strictly Protected Area was established by the decree of the Great Hural in 1976. In 1991, it was included in the International Biosphere Reserve Network by the UNESCO. The Great Gobi Strictly Protected Area has two parts, A and B.
Part A covers an area of about 100 km from the southern border of Bayankhongor and Gobi-Altai aimags,
Part B covers an area of 80 km south of the southern border of Khovd and Gobi-Altai aimags, covering an area of 7,968 km2,
Khukh Serkh mountain range
It is a large ridge on the border of Khovd and Bayan-Ulgii aimags, more than 50 kilometers southeast of Gurvan Tsast Uul, the northern branch of the Mongol Altai Mountains. The total area is 75,750 hectares. Because of the abundance of ibex on the mountain, the mountain range was named by the adult male goat name Khukh Serkh. In 1977, by the decree of the People’s Great Hural, the Khukh Serkh mountain range was turned into Strictly Protected Area.
Bogd Khaan Uul
Bogd Khaan Uul is located in the southern part of the Khentii Range, on the border of forest-steppe and steppe zones, and the southern part of larch forest, which contributes to the favorable weather conditions in Ulaanbaatar. Bogd Khan Uul is one of the first Strictly Protected Areas not only in Mongolia but also in the world. Great Yuan Dynasty of Mongolia issued a decree in 1294 to protect Bogd Khan Uul and made it Strictly Protected area.
Khasagt Khairkhan mountain
A large ridge along the southern bank of the Zavkhan River in the western part of Gobi-Altai aimag. The protected area is 330 square kilometers. The height of the mountain peak is 3578 meters. There are many rare and protected animals such as deer, argali, ibex, snow leopard, marten, elk and vulture.
The highest point is Asraltkhairkhan Mountain, the highest peak of the Khentii Mountains, at 2,799.3 meters above sea level. It covers the territory of Batshireet and Umnudelger soums of Khentii aimag, Mungunmorit, Erdene and Batsumber soums of Tuv aimag, Mandal, Yeruu and Khuder soums of Selenge aimag.
Burkhan Khaldun Mountain, the birthplace of Genghis Khan and the place where he was buried, belongs to the Khentii Mountains.
Khalkh Nomrog basin is located in Khalkh gol soum of Dornod aimag. In 1992, it was taken under special state protection under the name of Nömrög Strictly Protected Area. It is the only region where the transition from the forest steppe of the Hyangan Mountains to the dry steppe of Central Asia.
Territory located along the state border, covering the southeastern part of Dornod aimag and the eastern part of Sukhbaatar aimag. In 1993, it was taken under special state protection by the 28th resolution of the Parliament. The highest point is the White Mountain of Wan, 1,099 meters above sea level, and the lowest point is 709 meters in the southern part of the Laga Strait.
It consists of parts of Chuluun khoroo, Gurvanzagal and Dashbalbar soums of Dornod aimag. The lowest point in Mongolia in this Strictly Protected Area is the Khukh Nuur Depression, 560 meters above sea level. The humid steppes of Daur, large and small lakes and ponds, rivers and wetlands are habitats for birds migrating from Southeast Asia to the Arctic Ocean.
Otgon Tenger Mountain
Otgontenger mountain, the highest peak of Khangai mountain range located in Otgon and Aldarkhaan soums of Zavkhan aimag. The Otgontenger Mountain Strictly Protected Area has about 50 mineral springs with a temperature of 13-55 degrees Celsius. Otgontenger Mountain has been worshiped since 1779 and is a state sacred mountain.
Uvs Lake basin
The ecological environment of Uvs Lake, Turgen Mountains, Tsagaan Shuvuut, Torkhilog Tesiin Gol and Altan Els will be included in the Uvs Lake Basin. In 1993, it was taken under special state protection by the 83th resolution of the Parliament. The Uvs Lake Basin is surrounded by water, which includes all the features of the world’s natural zones and belts, such as the Gobi, desert steppe, steppe, forest steppe, mountains, glaciers, and glaciers.
Gobi Small Strictly Protected Area
The Small Gobi Strictly Protected Area is divided into two parts, “A” and “B”, covering the southern border of Nomgon, Bayan-Ovoo, Khanbogd soums of Umnugovi aimag and Khatanbulag soum of Dornogovi aimag, Borzon, Zag Suuj, Zeemeg, Galba and Kharmagtai Gobi. It covers a total area of 1,839,176 hectares It is home to some of the world’s rarest wild ass, black-tailed deer and wild argali ibex, which represent the main features of Mongolia’s southeastern Gobi.
The Horidol Sarida Strictly Protected Area, which represents the unique high mountain belt of Yang Saridag in Hövsgöl Province, was taken under state protection in 1997 by Parliament Resolution. Horidol Saridag mountain range is one of the most beautiful places in Mongolia that has preserved its natural beauty. The highest waterfall in Mongolia, the Arsain River, which originates from this ridge, descends from a height of 70 meters.